Tonawanda News — BUFFALO — A long-awaited two-year study of Tonawanda’s health, released Monday, indicates elevated rates of cancer among residents living in the town’s industrial corridor.
The news draws attention yet again to the constant environmental worries in the area as well as the allegations that the industrial plants are knowingly emitting dangerous chemicals into the air.
The state Department of Health initiative began in 2010 and was brought about by the state Department of Environmental Air Quality Study, which found high concentrations of a known carcinogen, benzene, as well as formaldehyde, in the Tonawanda air.
The DOH concentrated on reproductive effects and cancer, as both have been associated with exposure to benzene and formaldehyde.
The DOH study found “statistically significant elevations” of lung cancer and bladder cancer in both males and females, esophageal cancer in males and uterine cancer in females, as well as oral-cavity/pharynx cancer in males and leukemia among women.
In one subsection studied, Sheridan Park, the DOH expected to find 268 cases of cancer, but 332 cases were found.
The DOH also found evidence of elevated preterm births and heart defects in newborns, but evidence of elevated major defects was, fortunately, not discovered.
“This confirms what our residents are living each day,” Rebecca Newberry, of the Clean Air Coalition said. “We’ve been getting a lot of calls specifically about the lung and bladder cancer, and many people are feeling a little bit vindicated.”
The DOH worked with the DEC to identify areas of the town that were more likely to have high or moderate effects from benzene exposure, and examined health outcomes in four different subsections identified as Brookside-Terrace, Sheridan Park, Riverside and Grand Island.
The study examines rates between 1990 and 2009, and the rates were then compared to analyses of statewide data and Erie and Niagara county rates.